CUSTOMER SERVICE HOURS: Monday - Friday: 9-5 CST  |  Saturday: 10-4 CST  |  Sundays/Holidays: CLOSED
855-245-1259
info@delta9.ca
For Doctors
FOLLOW DELTA 9 ON TWITTER

FIND DELTA 9 ON FACEBOOK
What is Medical Cannabis?

Medical Cannabis (Medical Marijuana or Medical Marihuana) refers to the use of the Cannabis plant and/ or its constituent Cannabinoids for use as medical therapy, to help treat disease, or in relief of medical symptoms. It has been recorded that the Cannabis plant has a history of medical use dating back thousands of years across many cultures.

Today we know that it is the unique Cannabinoid compounds found in Cannabis that provide the medicinal benefits of the plant. There is now anecdotal evidence that Cannabis may be useful in the treatment of a variety of conditions and symptoms. Please refer to the Health Canada website for further information – http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/marihuana/med/infoprof-eng.php#chp40.

For preliminary recommendations regarding prescribing smoked cannabis for chronic non-cancer pain please refer to the guidelines recently published by the College of Family Physicians of Canadahttp://www.cfp.ca/content/60/12/1083.long

Methods of Ingestion

More information on methods of ingestion can be found in section 3 and 4 of Health Canada’s Information for Health Care Practitionershttp://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/marihuana/med/infoprof-eng.php

SMOKING:

Disclaimer: During the combustion of cannabis, a range of harmful and toxic compounds is released, including ammonia, carbon monoxide and tar. Smoking Cannabis (with our without tobacco) involves inhaling the crude combustion product of the dried plant material, allowing the cannabinoids and any harmful chemicals to be absorbed into the lungs.  Especially for chronically ill patients, this may not be the preferred way of administering a medicine, and the harm may be greater than the short-term benefits. We do not, nor does any doctor that we have met, advocate for smoking and would not advise any of our patients to choose smoking as their method of ingestion.

That being said, if smoking is your chosen method here’s a little guidance;

Smoking is likely the most traditional method of ingestion of cannabis and has become a popular method of ingestion among patients because of the speed of uptake (bioavailability) of the drug and concurrently, the speed of relief.

There are a number of different ways to smoke cannabis and a number of different drug delivery systems to facilitate this method of ingestion. These can include rolling papers, blunts, pipes and water pipes, bubblers, and bongs.

As with any method of ingestion, Delta 9 cannot provide specific guidance on dosing, what we can recommend is that you start with a small dose, inhaling a few puffs and then waiting up to 15 minutes for the drug to take effect. Repeat this process until the desired effect is achieved.

Remember, Delta 9 does not recommend that any of our patients smoke cannabis. If you smoke or have smoked medical cannabis in the past and find that it provides you with quick and effective relief of your symptoms you may want to check out our Vaporizing section.

VAPORIZING:

For the inhalation of medicinal cannabis we would recommend the use of a vaporizer. A vaporizer is a drug delivery system for the inhalation of cannabis that provides patients with an alternative to traditional smoking. During vaporization the dried cannabis is heated until the medicinally active cannabinoids (THC and CBD) are released in the form of a vapor. The product is not heated to a point where combustion occurs and smoke is released, eliminating a lot of the harmful chemicals and effects of smoking.

As with any method of ingestion, Delta 9 cannot provide specific guidance on dosing, what we can recommend is that you start with a small dose, inhaling a few puffs and then waiting up to 15 minutes for the drug to take effect. Repeat this process until the desired effect is achieved.

Vaporizers come in all shapes and sizes.

CANNABIS TEA:

A cannabis tea preparation can be made quite simply and some patients find this an effective alternative to smoking or vaporizing.

A basic cannabis tea recipe would be as follows:

  • Boil 500 ml water in a pot or pan on the stove with the lid on.
  • Add desired amount of finely ground dried cannabis material (0.5 grams is equal to approximately 2 teaspoons)
  • Reduce heat and allow tea to simmer for 15 minutes with the lid on.
  • Remove tea from stove and pour through a sieve to remove cannabis material. Don't worry the active cannabinoid compounds have now been released in the tea.
  • You can now drink the tea as is or add any other tea flavouring, honey, sugar or syrup to improve the flavour. Be careful, it's hot.

Cannabis tea preparations can be stored for several days, just be sure to add coffee creamer to the warm tea and allow it to cool before storing in the fridge. This will keep the cannabinoids from binding to the inside of the container.

As with any method of ingestion, Delta 9 cannot provide specific guidance on dosing, what we can recommend is that you start with a smaller dose, drinking 1 - 2 cups per day. If the desired effect is not achieved you may want to increase the amount of dried cannabis in the preparation and/ or the number of cups per day. Repeat this process until the desired effect is achieved.

Patients have indicated that the effects of cannabis tea prepared with this recipe are slow to come on, usually becoming noticeable in 30-60 minutes after ingestion. The effects can last anywhere from 2-6 hours depending on the dose. Because of the slow-acting, but long-lasting effects of cannabis tea, this mode of administration may be well-suited for chronic conditions such as muscle spasms in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis pain or nausea.  

For patients that need a higher dose of cannabis, or when a fast-acting relief is desired, inhalation of cannabis is usually preferred.

ORAL INGESTION/EDIBLES/EXTRACTS/DERIVATIVES:

Currently Delta 9’s license is to produce and provide our patients with “Dried Marihuana only” and as such we are limited from producing, testing, and distributing extracts, oils, edibles, and derivative products. We know that many patients prefer a method of ingestion other than smoking or vaporizing so we would like to provide what guidance we can for patients that choose to make their own.

For cannabis to provide effective relief in any form it must be heated to allow the active cannabinoids to be consumed. Cannabis in its raw form must be “decarboxylated” for the cannabinoids to be changed into a form that the therapeutic effects can be realised by the patient. This means either heating for vaporization, burning for smoking, baking for baking, or boiling for tea. Keep in mind that the temperature that the product is heated to will have an effect on how much of the cannabinoids are decarboxylated. Vaporizing can heat the product to the optimal temperature for release of cannabinoids while boiling will only release some of the active compounds.